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The Standing on the Shoulders of Giants "Teach & Learn" Black History Curriculum​​

Specially designed for Parents, Teachers, Homeschool, or Independent Study, grades 5+

Where Black
History Lives!​

Unit 1: Ancient Africa - The Cradle of Civilization
(200,000 B.C. - 476 B.C.)

Unit 1: Class 1: Out of Africa – The Origins of Humanity Part 1

Related Information
The Ishango bone is a bone tool, dated to the Upper Paleolithic era. It is a dark brown length of bone, the fibula of a baboon, with a sharp piece of quartz affixed to one end, perhaps for engraving. It was first thought to be a tally stick, as it has a series of what has been interpreted as tally marks carved in three columns running the length of the tool. But some scientists have suggested that the groupings of notches indicate a mathematical understanding that goes beyond counting.

Timeline of Early Hominid & Homo Sapiens 

Complete Hominid Time Line found only in Africa. Chad 7 million years ago Ethiopia 5 million years ago South Africa 3.5 - 4 million years ago.

  • Oldest Stone Tools: dated back to 2.5 million years ago in Ethiopia and other parts of the Rift Valley.

  • Domestic Use of Fire: 1.4 million years ago.

  • Oldest Fossils of Modern Man (Homo sapiens, Sapiens) [200,000] years ago in Ethiopia.

  • Oldest Example of Fishing - 110,000 years ago, N. E. Africa & South Africa.

  • Oldest Use of Pigments, 150,000 years ago, Rift Valley & South Africa.

  • Oldest Bone Tools, 90,000 years ago in South Africa.

  • Oldest Barbed Points & Hook, 70-90,000 years ago, N.E. & South Africa.  

  • ​​Oldest Jewelry Beads, [70,000] years ago, Central & South Africa.  

  • Oldest Homesite, 90,000 years ago, Sudan.  

  • Stargazing, 43,000 years ago, Nile Valley  

  • Iron Ore Mining, 43,000 years ago, ["Lion Cave" in Swaziland.] 

  • Oldest Known Mathematical Artifact, 37,000 years ago, Lebombo Bone, Swaziland.  

  • Oldest Example of Math Calculations, 27,000 years ago, Ishango Bone, Zaire.  

  • Oldest Rock Art (Apollo II Rock Shelter) Namibia, 28,000 years ago.  

  • Animal Domestication, 15,000 years ago, Ethiopia.

  • ​​Crop Cultivation, 18,000 years ago.

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