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The Standing on the Shoulders of Giants "Teach & Learn" Black History Curriculum​​

Specially designed for Parents, Teachers, Homeschool, or Independent Study, grades 5+

Where Black
History Lives!​

Unit 1: Ancient Africa - The Cradle of Civilization
(200,000 B.C. - 476 B.C.)

Unit 1: Class 6: The Whitening of Ancient Kemet/Egypt

Egyptology and Scientific Racism cont.

People To Know
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831), German Philosopher
Many historians credit Hegel for providing a basis for modern racism and establishing a role for race in history by correlating a hierarchy of civilizations to a hierarchy of races, notably in his Encyclopaedia and the History of Philosophy.​
In The History of Philosophy he wrote the following concerning Africa:

"At this point we leave Africa, not to mention it again. For it is no historical part of the World; it has no movement or development to exhibit. Historical movements in it-that is in its northern part-belong to the Asiatic or European World. Carthage displayed there an important transitionary phase of civilization; but, phoenician colony, it belongs to Asia. Egypt will be considered in reference to the passage of the human mind from its Eastern to its Western phase, but it does not belong to the African Spirit. What we properly understand by Africa, is the Unhistorical, Undeveloped Spirit, still involved in the conditions of mere nature, and which had to be presented here only as on the threshold of the World's History." [Hegel, The Philosophy of History, 99.]

Robert Bernasconi in, “Hegel at the Court of the Ashanti”, regards Hegel as “a precursor of the mid-nineteenth century tendency to construct philosophies of history organized around the concept of race, such as we find in Robert Knox and [Joseph Arthur] Gobineau.” Knox believed that ‘race is everything’, so that literature, science, art — in a word, civilization — depends on it. Similarly, Gobineau, who is often regarded as the ‘father of modern racism’, used anthropology, linguistics and history to formulate a theory in which race virtually explained everything in the human experience. The decisive events of history, he argued in his Essay on the Inequality of Human Races (1854), are determined by the ‘iron law of race’, so that human destiny is decreed by nature and expressed in race. Gobineau also favored racial purity, suggesting that there should be no crossbreeding between races in order to maintain survival. By linking Hegel’s name with that of Knox and Gobineau, Bernasconi clearly implies that the philosopher was responsible for contributing to a distorted perception of race and thus helped to make racism more respectable.

Joseph Arthur, Comte de Gobineau (14 July 1816 – 13 October 1882) was a French aristocrat who was best known by his contemporaries as a novelist, poet and travel writer but is today most remembered for developing the theory of the Aryan master race and helping to legitimize racism by scientific racist theory and racial demography. Gobineau was an elitist who, in the immediate aftermath of the Revolutions of 1848, wrote a 1400-page book, An Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races in which he claimed that aristocrats were superior to commoners and that they possessed more Aryan genetic traits because of less inbreeding with inferior races (Alpines and Mediterraneans).

Gobineau's writings were quickly praised by white supremacist, pro-slavery Americans like Josiah C. Nott and Henry Hotze, who translated his book into English but omitted around 1000 pages of the original book, including those parts that negatively described Americans as a racially mixed population.

At the center of the scientific race debates in America was Samuel Morton, a natural scientist and professor of anatomy, widely considered the founder of American anthropology. Morton supported the theory of polygenesis, which claimed that the different races were separate species created from separate origins. His claim to fame was in the area of craniology, a branch of science that erroneously established white racial superiority and intelligence by measuring the size of human skulls. In 1844, he published Crania Aegyptiaca to dispute the eyewitness accounts of Herodotus who described the Egyptians as black Africans. In this study, Morton measured the dimensions and characteristics of 137 human crania from Egypt and concluded, “The valley of the Nile, both in Egypt and in Nubia, was originally peopled by a branch of the Caucasian race.” He suggested the Egyptians were a race in between the Indo-European and Semite races, and as the descendants of Ham they were therefore “affiliated with the Libyan family of nations.”

People To Know
Arthur de Gobineau (1816-1882).
Gobineau was a French aristocrat who was best known by his contemporaries as a novelist, poet and travel writer but is today most remembered for developing the theory of the Aryan master race and helping to legitimise racism by scientific racist theory and racial demography. Gobineau was an elitist who, in the immediate aftermath of the Revolutions of 1848, wrote a 1400-page book, An Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races in which he claimed that aristocrats were superior to commoners and that they possessed more Aryan genetic traits because of less inbreeding with inferior races (Alpines and Mediterraneans).

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Free Bonus Intro Unit: The Politics of Education: Enlightenment or Propaganda?

The Intro Unit analyzes the political nature of education as it relates to race. It investigates the African proverb, “It is the lion hunter who writes the lion’s history.” Students will explore the biased nature of education and how best to use education as a source of empowerment and enlightenment. It also examines the psychological effects of racism on both blacks and whites as demonstrated in
the pioneering “Doll Test” by Kenneth and Mamie Clarke, and the “Brown Eye, Blue Eye Experiment” conducted by Jane Elliott. ​The Unit ends with a class that highlights the successful conservative efforts to whitewash U.S. and world history textbooks and curricula in states like Texas, Arizona, Colorado, and beyond. 
INTRO UNIT: CLASS 1 - African History: The Missing Pages of World History
INTRO UNIT: CLASS 3 - The Psychological Effects of Racism on Blacks and Whites
INTRO UNIT : CLASS 2 - The Miseducation of the Negro
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INTRO UNIT: CLASS 4 - The Struggle Continues...The Ongoing Battle Against Racist Propaganda In Public Schools
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Unit 1: Ancient Africa - The Cradle of Civilation
CLASS LIST

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UNIT 1: CLASS 1 - Ancient Africa: The Origin of Humanity, PART 1
UNIT 1: CLASS 2 - Ancient Africa: The Origin of Humanity, PART 2
UNIT 1: CLASS 3 - The Beginnings of Civilization 
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UNIT 1: CLASS 4 - Ancient Nubia/Kush (6000 B.C. – 1500) Part 1
UNIT 1: CLASS 5 - Ancient Nubia/Kush (6000 B.C. – 1500) Part 2
UNIT 1: CLASS 6 - The Whitening of Ancient Kemet/Egypt
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UNIT 1: CLASS 7 - Ancient Egypt: Predynastic Period & The Old Kingdom (10,500 B.C. – 2,181 B.C.)  Part 1
UNIT 1: CLASS 8 - Ancient Egypt: The Old Kingdom & First Intermediate Period (3150 B.C. – 2055 B.C.) Part 2
UNIT 1: CLASS 9 - Ancient Egypt: The Middle Kingdom & Second Intermediary Period (2055 B.C. – 1550 B.C.) 
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UNIT 1: CLASS 10 - Ancient Egypt: The New Kingdom and Third Intermediate Period (1550 B.C. – 712 B.C.) Part 1
UNIT 1: CLASS 11 - Ancient Egypt: The New Kingdom and Third Intermediate Period (1550 B.C. – 712 B.C.) Part 2
UNIT 1: CLASS 12 - Ancient Egypt: The New Kingdom and Third Intermediate Period (1550 B.C. – 712 B.C.) Part 3
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UNIT 1: CLASS 13 - The Queen of Sheba & Solomon (10th Century B.C. – 955 B.C.)
UNIT 1: CLASS 14 - Ancient Egypt: The 25th Nubian Dynasty & Late Period (760 B.C. – 332 B.C.) 
UNIT 1: CLASS 15 - Ancient Egypt: Greco-Roman Period (332 B.C. – 476 B.C.) 
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UNIT 1: CLASS 16 - Hannibal Barca – Defender of Carthage (247 B.C. – 181/183 B.C.)
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