Unit 1: Ancient Africa - The Cradle of Civilization
(200,000 B.C. - 476 B.C.)

Unit 1: Class 1: Out of Africa – The Origins of Humanity Part 1

Documentary: PBS: Journey of Man - The Story of the Human Species, Part1 
(Watch up to 57:10 min. point)  

STUDY QUESTIONS (also in Study Guide)

  • When did human beings first began to migrate out of Africa"? B. What was the reason(s) for this first major migration?

  • According to geneticists, the San Bushmen of Africa have some of the oldest DNA on the planet. It was noted that looking at them was like "looking at a composite model of every face from around the world, the eye shape of east Asians, the high cheek bones of Mongolians, and the mid-brown skin color that can turn darker or lighter."  

  • Is this true in your opinion? How does the skin color and physical appearance of the San Bushman contrast to what you have been taught to think indigenous Africans look?
  • What is it that allows geneticists to trace human descent? 
  • What is the unique element found in San Bushman language? 
  • What were some of the technological and mental advances made by Africans 50,000 years ago still being displayed by the San Bushman?  
  • ​Where was the first place Africans migrated to 50,000 years ago?
  • What was the path Africans took to reach Australia?
  • What percent(%) of the people who migrated out of Africa went the southern route to India and Southeast Asia?

  • What percent(%) went the northern route out of Africa to become the people of Asia, Europe and North and South America? ​
  • Where did the first wave of Africans who took the Northern migration route end up first?

  • Where was the second wave of their migration after the Middle East?  
  • While people were populating Asia (the Middle East, India and China), where were the Europeans?​

  • According to geneticists there are no separate "races" of people, all human beings originated in Africa from one man and woman. True or False?​​