1. Title 1

The Standing on the Shoulders of Giants "Teach & Learn" Black History Curriculum​​

Specially designed for Parents, Teachers, Homeschool, or Independent Study, grades 5+

Where Black
History Lives!​

Unit 1: Ancient Africa - The Cradle of Civilation
(200,000 BC - 476 BC)

Unit 1: Class 12: Ancient Kemet (Egypt): The New Kingdom and Third Intermediate Period (1550 B.C. – 712 B.C.) Part 3


Study Questions!

Learning Objectives
After completing this lesson, students 
will be able to:

  • Identify the contributions the New Kingdom made to world civilization.

  • Identify the main Pharaohs of the New Kingdom and their specific accomplishments.

  • Analyze primary source documents from the New Kingdom to glean insight into ancient Egyptian life and culture.

  • Discuss the evidence and theories relating to the collapse of the New Kingdom.

From Rameses the Great 

1. True or False? Ramesses lived to be ninety-six years old, had over 200 wives and concubines, ninety-six sons and sixty daughters, most of whom he outlived. So long was his reign that all of his subjects, when he died, had been born knowing Ramesses as pharaoh and there was widespread panic that the world would end with the death of their king?

2. Who did Rameses II defeat in the second year of his reign? What strategy did he use?

3. Why was the Battle of Kadesh so important to both the Egyptians and Hitties?

4. True or False? The Battle of Kadesh led to the first peace treaty ever signed in the world between Ramesses II of Egypt and Muwatalli II's sucessor, Hattusili III (died 1237 BCE)of the Hittite Empire.

5. True of False? Rameses II is the pharaoh from the biblical Book of Exodus who was persecuting and enslaving Hebrews?

From Documentary: PBS: Egypt's Golden Empire - The Last Great Pharaoh 

6. What happened to the 18th Dynasty when Tutankhamen died? Which of Egypt’s enemies had grown strong?

7. True or False? Ramesses did not come from a royal background. In fact, the boy king had been born a commoner.

8. Why was the Battle of Kadesh so important?

9. Who won the battle of Kadesh?

10. How did Ramses portray the battle?

11. How was the conflict with the Egyptians and Hittites ultimately resolved?

12. Who was Nefertari? What does her tomb reveal about her love affair with Rameses II?

13. What was the House of Life?

14. Who were the Sea People? How did they affect the Egyptian Empire?

From Egypt in the Third Intermediate Period (1070–712 B.C.)

15. Along with Dynasty 21, what other group ruled Egypt during the first stage of the Third Intermediate Period?

16. What Dynasty(ies) ruled Egypt during the second stage of the Third Intermediate Period? Where were they from?

17. What two Dynasties governed Egypt simultaneously for 90 years during the third stage of the Third Intermediate Period?

From Egypt in the Late Period (ca. 712–332 B.C.)

18. True or False? Nubian rule, which viewed itself as restoring the true traditions of Egypt, benefited Egypt economically and was accompanied by a revival in temple building and the arts that continued throughout the Late Period.

Answer: True.

19. Which group defeated the Nubian 25th Dynasty to gain control of Egypt?

20. Which group defeated the Assyrians to gain control of Egypt? And what group defeated them?

21. Who finally overthrew the Persians after they managed to regain control of Egypt in 343 B.C.?
Homework Assignment
Read/View the following:

Rameses II (10-15 min)

Documentary: PBS: Egypt's Golden Empire - The Last Great Pharaoh (54:41 min)

Egypt in the Third Intermediate Period (1070–712 B.C.) (10 min)

Ramesseum (10 min)

Relief & Inscriptions at Karnak Temple Vol. III, UChicago Oriental Institute, edited by James Breasted, 122 pages (this document takes approx. 3-5 mins to download)

Unit 1: Class 12: Ancient Kemet (Egypt): The New Kingdom and Third Intermediate Period (1550 B.C. – 712 B.C.) Part 3

Class Quiz! with answers

Suggested Vocabulary
Randomly ask students the definition of one of the following words. Then ask them to put the word in a sentence. This is a great exercise for the beginning or end of a class, or if you finish a class early.

insinuate - suggest or hint (something bad or reprehensible) in an indirect and unpleasant way.

sacred - connected with God (or the gods) or dedicated to a religious purpose and so deserving veneration.

initiate - cause (a process or action) to begin.

imperialism - a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.

buffer - a person or thing that prevents incompatible or antagonistic people or things from coming into contact with or harming each other.

steward - manage or look after (another's property).

obelisk - a stone pillar, typically having a square or rectangular cross section and a pyramidal top, set up as a monument or landmark. Ex. Washington Monument is an obelisk.

progeny - a descendant or the descendants of a person, animal, or plant; offspring.

confidant - a person with whom one shares a secret or private matter, trusting them not to repeat it to others.

accession - the attainment or acquisition of a position of rank or power, typically that of monarch or president.

millennia - a period of a thousand years.

turbulent - characterized by conflict, disorder, or confusion; not controlled or calm.

sarcophagus - a stone coffin, typically adorned with a sculpture or inscription and associated with the ancient civilizations of Egypt, Rome, and Greece.

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