1. Title 1

The Standing on the Shoulders of Giants "Teach & Learn" Black History Curriculum​​

Specially designed for Parents, Teachers, Homeschool, or Independent Study, grades 5+

Where Black
History Lives!​

Unit 1: Ancient Africa - The Cradle of Civilation
(200,000 BC - 476 BC)

Unit 1: Class 13: The Queen of Sheba & Solomon (10th Century B.C. – 955 B.C.)


Learning Objectives
After completing this lesson, students 
will be able to:

  • Discuss the story of the Queen of Sheba and her encounter with King Solomon as told in the Bible, The Quran, and the Kebra Nagast. 

  • Recognize the influence Africa and African women have had in the development of Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and world history.

  • Scrutinize the racial and religious propaganda associated with the story of the Queen of Sheba, including her racial identity.

  • Locate Ethiopia, the home of the Queen of Sheba, and the Kingdom of Sheba on a map.

Study Questions!

From Queen of Sheba, Encyclopedia of World Biography

1. What are the two names the Queen of Sheba is known as?

2. What are the three religious traditions the Queen of Sheba figures prominently in?

3. “Although her kingdom is referred to as both to the south and to the east of Israel, scholars generally believe her to have ruled an area in northern Africa roughly equivalent to what modern-day African country?

4. The Queen of Sheba is most famous for her visit to the grand court of
what Biblical king?

5. Where is the most widespread story of the Queen of Sheba found?

6. Describe the story of the Queen of Sheba and Solomon written in the Old Testament.

7. How does the Book of Esther’s description of the Queen of Sheba and Solomon’s meeting differ from the Old Testament account?

8. How does the Islamic tradition describe the story of the Queen of Sheba and Solomon?

9. True or False? Drawing on Jewish and Islamic traditions, the Ethiopian story of the Queen of Sheba—identified with Makeda, Queen of Ethiopia—provides the most extensive picture of the Queen.

10.  In the Ethiopian tradition, how does Solomon trick Makeda, the Queen of Sheba into breaking her promise of not taking anything that belonged to him, which allowed him to mate with her and produce a son, Ebna Hakim?

11. Who was Ebna Hakim, later called Menelik I? What country did he rule?

12. According to the Kebra Nagast, how did the Ark of the Covenant get to Ethiopia? Where is it said to exist in Ethiopia?

From Documentary: Queen of Sheba - Black (African), Arab (mixed/white) or both (Semite)? 

13. The Queen of Sheba is known by different names. How is she known to the Arabian people?  

14. How do the Persian people see her?

15. In what region of the world is the Queen of Sheba most revered and her legend kept most alive and why? What is the name is she best known here?

16. The Ethiopians believe that the Queen of Sheba lived in a region called Axum. What evidence is there to show that she may not have?

17. What clues exist in Axum that the Queen of Sheba may have lived there? What was the time frame within which these clues exist?

18. What is the modern-day area that was once at least a part of the Kingdom of Sheba?

19. What is the capital of ancient Sheba? Until what year was it inhabited? When was it destroyed?

20. The inscriptions on the walls of ancient Marib date back how long?

21. What do the images that were found within the walls of Marib point to? What is interesting about what was deciphered?

22. What commodity does the Queen of Sheba bring to King Solomon that is only found in Ethiopia and Yemen? 

From The Queen of Sheba, Wikipedia excerpts

23. Based on the Gospels of Matthew and Luke, where is the Queen of Sheba from?

24. Who is Tamrin?

25. True or False? Solomon spoke with great wisdom and converted Makeda, Queen of Sheba, to Judaism.

26. True or False? After Ebna Hakim/Menelik I visited his father, Solomon in Jerusalem, Solomon and the people tried to get him to stay but he refused. Instead he went back to become King of Ethiopia.

27. What famous religious relic did Menelik I take back him back to Ethiopia from Jerusalem?

28. What did Solomon do after he learned that the Ark of the Covenant had been stolen and taken to Ethiopia with his son Ebna Hakim/Menelik I?

29. In the Jewish account, where is the Queen of Sheba from?

Additional Discussion Questions:

If the Bible, the first document that mentions the Queen of Sheba, says she is the queen of Ethiopia and Egypt, why are all of the images of her Caucasian or European? Why is there even a debate that the Queen of Sheba was from Yemen or Arabia? Based on what you have read, what “race” would the Queen of Sheba belong to? Why is this important? How does the retelling of the story of the Queen of Sheba become propaganda?

Unit 1: Class 13: The Queen of Sheba & Solomon (10th Century B.C. – 955 B.C.)

Suggested Vocabulary
Randomly ask students the definition of one of the following words. Then ask them to put the word in a sentence. This is a great exercise for the beginning or end of a class, or if you finish a class early.

antiquity - he ancient past, especially the period before the birth of Christ.

myth - a widely held but false belief or idea.
variation - a change or difference in condition, amount, or level, typically with certain limits.

denigrate - criticize unfairly; disparage.

contradict - deny the truth of (a statement), especially by asserting the opposite.

Holocaust - destruction or slaughter on a mass scale, especially caused by fire or nuclear war.
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