1. Title 1

The Standing on the Shoulders of Giants "Teach & Learn" Black History Curriculum​​

Specially designed for Parents, Teachers, Homeschool, or Independent Study, grades 5+

Where Black
History Lives!​

Unit 1: Ancient Africa - The Cradle of Civilation
(200,000 BC - 476 BC)

Unit 1: Class 14: Ancient Kemet (Egypt): The 25th Nubian Dynasty & Late Period (760 B.C. – 332 B.C.) 


Study Questions

Learning Objectives
After completing this lesson, students 
will be able to:

  • Analyze the rise and fall of the 25th Dynasty.

  • Discuss the significance of the 25th Dynasty (the “Nubian” Dynasty), and its relationship to and impact on ancient Egyptian society and the Bible.
  • Recognize the pharaohs of the 25th Dynasty and their accomplishments.
  • Chart the final fall of the ancient Egyptian empire from indigenous Egyptian and African rule to permanent foreign rule beginning with the Persians followed by the Greeks and Romans.
From The Black Pharaohs, National Geographic 

1. Who is the founder of the 25th Dynasty? Where was he from?

2. Why did Piye decide to take over Egypt?

3. Why is it inaccurate and problematic to refer to the 25th Dynasty kings as the “Black Pharaohs?” What does this suggest?

4. True or False? By Piye’s time (760 – 730 B.C.E.) racism had already been created, which is why the Nubian 25th Dynasty is so significant.

5. How was Egypt under Nubian rule?

6. What 25th Dynasty Pharaoh delivered Jeruselum from the invading Assyrian army?

From Twenty Fifth Dynasty of Egypt 

7. True or False? The 25th Dynasty was the largest Egyptian empire since the New Kingdom?

8. After Piye reunified Egypt what did he do next? How did he punish his enemies?

9. Who was the second pharaoh of the 25th Dynasty? What is so significant about his rule? What are some of the contributions he made to Egypt?

10. Who was the third pharaoh of the 25th Dynasty? What was the battle of Eltekeh? Why was it so significant?

11. True or False? It is clear from historical evidence that Taharqa was one of the worst pharaohs of ancient Egypt.

12. Who was the last pharaoh of the 25th Dynasty? How did his rule end?

From Slideshow: The 25th Nubian Dynasty 

13. After viewing the slideshow, what similarities can you draw between ancient Egyptian architecture and religious beliefs?

From Video: Tomb of Queen Qalhata 

14. Who was Queen Qalhata? What do the carved weapons in her tomb signify?

15. What are the skin colors of the Gods of the Egyptian pantheon that are depicted in the front and back of the image of Queen Qalhata's mummy?

From Egypt in the Late Period (ca. 712–332 B.C.) 

16. What event caused the final collapse of the 25th Dynasty? What happened to the last pharaoh of the 25th Dynasty?

17. After the Assyrians withdrew from Egypt following their defeat of the Nubian 25th Dynasty, whom did they leave in control? What does their name refer to?

18. How did Egypt fare under Saite rule? How did Egyptians view their rule?

19. When Assyria collapsed in 612 B.C.E., who became the next two foreign threats to Egypt?

20. True or False? Egypt’s new Persian overlords adopted the traditional title of pharaoh, but unlike the Libyans and Nubians, they ruled as foreigners rather than Egyptians.

21. Who finally defeated the Persians and took control of ancient Egypt in 332 B.C.E.?
Homework Assignment
Read/View the following:

Documentary:  Rise of the Black Pharaohs - Ancient Egypt (54:55 mins.)

The Black Pharaohs, National Geographic 
(15 - 20 min)

Map: 25th Dynasty (5 min)

Twenty Fifth Dynasty of Egypt (25-30 min)

Slideshow:  The 25th Nubian Dynasty (10 min)

Video:  Tomb of Queen Qalhata (4 min)

Egypt in the Late Period (ca. 712–332 B.C.) (15 min)

Supplemental Material:

'Some of the most appalling images ever created' – I Am Ashurbanipal review. An article discussing the cruelty of the Assyrians.

Unit 1: Class 14: Ancient Kemet (Egypt): The 25th Nubian Dynasty & Late Period (760 B.C. – 332 B.C.) 

Suggested Vocabulary
Randomly ask students the definition of one of the following words. Then ask them to put the word in a sentence. This is a great exercise for the beginning or end of a class, or if you finish a class early.

indigenous - originating or occurring naturally in a particular place; native.

attribute - regard something as being caused by (someone or something). 

reverence - deep respect for someone or something.

pilfer - steal (typically things of relatively little value).

kiosk - a small open-fronted hut or cubicle from which newspapers, refreshments, tickets, etc., are sold.

besiege - surround (a place) with armed forces in order to capture it or force its surrender; lay siege to.

renaissance - the activity, spirit, or time of a great revival of art and literature in a society.

subjugation - the action of bringing someone or something under domination or control.

decadent - characterized by or reflecting a state of moral or cultural decline.

audacious - showing a willingness to take surprisingly bold risks.

empirical - based on, concerned with, or verifiable by observation or experience rather than theory or pure logic.
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