Unit 1: Ancient Africa - The Cradle of Civilization
(200,000 B.C. - 476 A.D.)

Unit 1: Class 16: Hannibal Barca – Defender of Carthage (247 B.C. – 181/183 B.C.)

Learning Objectives
After completing this lesson, students 
will be able to:

  • Discuss the story of Hannibal Barca and his legendary war against Rome.
  • Understand the causes and effects of the Punic Wars between Carthage and Rome.
  • Scrutinize the controversy surrounding Hannibal’s “race.” 
  • Analyze Hannibal’s military strategy and understand why he is considered a military genius.

Documentary: Hannibal The Annihilator (43:27 mins)

Homework Assignment
Read/View the following:

Hannibal Barca of Carthage, North Africa (15-20 mins)

The Punic Wars (15 min)

The Price of Greed: Hannibal's Betrayal by Carthage (15 min)

Documentary: Hannibal the Annihilator (43:27 mins)

History Channel Portrays Hannibal as Black, White People Cry Foul Over ‘Historical Revisionism’ (1:30 min)

Encyclopedia Britannica.com: Hannibal’s ethnicity and physical appearance (15 mins)


Additional Resources:

Analysis finds defeat of Hannibal 'written in the coins of the Roman Empire' (7 min)

Study Questions

​1. Who is Hannibal's sworn enemy?

2. What was the name of the wars between Carthage and Rome?

3. How many casualties in the 1st Punic War?

4. Who was Hannibal's father? What country did his father take over after the first Punic War?

5. What age was Hannibal when he became Commander of the entire Carthaginian  Army?

6. Why does Hannibal not have a Navy during the 2nd Punic War?

7. Who was the Roman General that fought against Hannibal in the 2nd Punic War?

8. Why did Hannibal choose the harsh route to Rome across the Alps? What animal did he carry with him across the Alps?

9. Who were the tribes that attacked Hannibal along the way to Rome?

10. How does Hannibal replenish his forces in Italy on the way to Rome?

11. What is a mercenary?

12. How was the Roman army structured and outfitted? How were they trained?

13. What was Hannibal's strategy against the highly organized and highly structured Roman army?

14. Who was the general the Romans sent to replace Scipio?

15. How did Hannibal's elephants help defeat the Roman strategy?

16. In the Battle of the Trevia, what was the result?